中文版ENGLISH

中华棋牌

介绍焊工焊接低温钢的操作方法

2018年09月11日

  1. DIWENGANGGAISHU

中华棋牌  1) DUIYUDIWENGANGDEJISHUYAOQIUYIBANSHI:ZAIDIWENHUANJINGXIAJUYOUZUGOUDEQIANGDUHECHONGFENDERENXING,JUYOULIANGHAODEHANJIEGONGYIXINGNENG、JIAGONGXINGNENGHENAIFUSHIXINGDENG。QIZHONGDIWENRENXING,JIDIWENXIAFANGZHICUIXINGPOHUAIFASHENGHEKUOZHANDENENGLISHIZUIZHONGYAODEYINSU。SUOYI,GEGUOTONGCHANGDOUGUIDINGCHUZUIDIWENDUXIADEYIDINGDECHONGJIRENXINGZHI。

  2) ZAIDIWENGANGCHENGFENZHONG,YIBANRENWEI,TAN、GUI、LIN、LIU、DANDENGYUANSUSHIDIWENRENXINGEHUA,QIZHONGLINDEWEIHAIZUIDA,SUOYIZAIYELIANZHONGYINGZAOQIDIWENTUOLIN。MENG、NIEDENGYUANSUNENGSHIDIWENRENXINGTIGAO。MEIZENGJIA1%DENIEHANLIANG,CUIXINGLINJIEZHUANBIANWENDUYUEKEJIANGDI20℃ZUOYOU。

中华棋牌  3) RECHULIGONGYIDUIDIWENGANGDEJINXIANGZUZHIHEJINGLIDUYOUJUEDINGXINGYINGXIANG,CONGERYEYINGXIANGGANGDEDIWENRENXING。JINGGUODIAOZHICHULIHOUDEDIWENRENXINGYOUMINGXIANDETIGAO。

  4) GENJUREJIAGONGCHENGXINGFANGSHIDEBUTONG,DIWENGANGKEFENWEIZHUGANGHEYACAILIANGZHONG。GENJUCHENGFENHEJINXIANGZUZHIDEQUBIE,DIWENGANGKEFENWEI:DIHEJINGANG、6%NIEGANG、9%NIEGANG、GE—MENGHUOGE—MENG—NIEAOSHITIGANGYIJIGE—NIEAOSHITIBUXIUGANGDENG。DIHEJINGANGYIBANZAIYI100℃ZUOYOUDEWENQUNEISHIYONG,YONGYUZHIZAOLENGDONGSHEBEI、YUNSHUSHEBEI、YIXIDISHANGZHUZANGSHIHESHIYOUHUAGONGSHEBEIDENG。ZAIMEIGUO、YINGGUO、RIBENDENGGUOJIA,9%NIEGANGGUANGFANYINGYONGYUYI196℃DEDIWENJIEGOUSHANG,RUBAOCUN、YUNSHUYEHUAZHAOQIHEJIAWANDEZHUGUAN、ZHUCUNYEYANG、ZHIZAOYEYANGHEYEDANDESHEBEIDENG。AOSHITIBUXIUGANGSHIFEICHANGYOULIANGDEDIWENYONGJIEGOUCAILIAO,TADEDIWENRENXINGHAO、HANJIEXINGNENGYOULIANG、DAORELVDI,ZAIDIWENLINGYULIDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG,YONGYUYEQING、YEYANGDEYUNSHUGUANCHEHEZHUGUANDENG。DANSHI,YOUYUTAHANGE、NIEJIAODUO,YINERBIJIAOANGGUI。

中华棋牌  2. DIWENGANGHANJIESHIGONGGAISHU

  XUANZEDIWENGANGDEHANJIESHIGONGFANGFAHESHIGONGTIAOJIANSHI,WENTIDEJIAODIANJIZHONGZAIZHEIYANGLIANGFANGMIAN:FANGZHIHANJIEJIETOUDEDIWENRENXINGEHUA,FANGZHIHANJIELIEWENFASHENG。

  1) POKOUJIAGONG

  DIWENGANGHANJIEJIETOUDEPOKOUXINGSHIGENPUTONGTANSUGANG、DIHEJINGANGHUOZHEBUXIUGANGDEBINGMEIYOUSHENMEYUANZEQUBIE,KEYIANCHANGGUICHULI。DANSHIDUI9NiGANGLAIJIANG,POKOUZHANGJIAOZUIHAOBUXIAOYU70DU,DUNBIANZUIHAOBUSHAOYU3mm。

中华棋牌  SUOYOUDIWENGANGCAIDOUKEYIYONGYANGGUIYANLAIQIEGE。ZHISHIZAIQIGE9NiGANGSHIQIEGESUDUYAOBIQIGEPUTONGTANSUJIEGOUGANGSHISHAOSHAOFANGMANYIXIE。GANGCAIHOUDURUOCHAOGUO100mm,QIGEQIANKEJIANGGEKOUYUREDAO150—200℃,DANBUDECHAOGUO200℃。

中华棋牌  QIGEDUISHOUHANJIEREYINGXIANGDEQUYUBINGMEIYOUSHENMEBULIANGDEYINGXIANG。DANSHIYOUYUHANNIEGANGJUYOUZIYINGTEXING,GEKOUBIAOCENGHUIYINGHUA。WEILEQUEBAOHANJIEJIETOUNENGYOULINGRENMANYIDEXINGNENG,SHIHANQIANZUIHAOYONGSHALUNJIANGGEKOUBIAOCENGDAMOPINGZHENGGANJING。

中华棋牌  ZAIHANJIESHIGONGZHONGTANGRUOYAOCHUDIAOHANDAOHUOMUCAI,KEYICAIYONGDIANHUQIBAO。DANSHIZAIZHONGXINSHIGONGZHIQIANRENGJIUYINGDANGBACAOKOUBIAOMIANDAMOGANJING。

中华棋牌  YANGGUIYANQIBAOBUNENGCAIYONG,YINWEITAYOUSHIGANGCAIGUOREDEWEIXIANXING。

  2) HANJIEFANGFADEXUANYONG

中华棋牌  DIWENGANGKEYONGDEDIANXINGHANJIEFANGFAYOUDIANHUHAN、MAIHUHAN、RONGHUAJIYAHUHANDENG。

  DIANHUHANSHIDIWENGANGZUICHANGYONGDEHANJIEFANGFA,TAKEZAIGEZHONGHANJIEWEIZHISHANGSHIHAN。QIHANJIERESHURULIANGYUESHI18—30KJ/cmZUOYOU。TANGRUOSHIYONGDIQINGXINGDIANHANTIAO,KEYIDEDAOWANQUANLINGRENMANYIDEHANJIEJIETOU,BUDANJIXIEXINGNENGHAO,QUEKOURENXINGYEXIANGDANGYOULIANG,CIWAI,DIANHUHANHAIYOUHANJIJIANDANBIANYI,SHEBEITOUZISHAO,KEBUSHOUWEIZHI、FANGXIANGDEXIANZHIDENGYOUDIAN。

中华棋牌  DIWENGANGMAIHUHANDERESHURULIANGYUEYOU10—22KJ/cm。YOUYUTASHEBEIJIANDAN,HANJIEXIAOLVGAO,CAOZUOFANGBIAN,SUOYIYONGDEHENGUANGFAN。DANSHIYOUYUHANJIDEGEREZUOYONG,HUISHILENGQUESUDUJIANMAN,SUOYICHANSHENGRELIEWENDEQINGXIANGXINGYEJIAODA,JIAZHICONGHANJIZHONGCHANGKENENGYOUZAZHIHESiJINRUHANFENGJINSHU,ZHEIJIUHUIGENGZHUZHANGZHEIZHONGQINGXIANG,YINCIZAICAIYONGMAIHUHANSHIYAOZHUYIHANSI、HANJIDEXUANPEIHESHENZHONGZIXIDIJINXINGCAOZUO。

  CO2QITIBAOHUHANSUOHANCHENGDEJIETOURENXINGJIAODI,SUOYIZAIDIWENGANGHANJIEZHONGBUYUCAIYONG。

  WUJIYAHUHAN(TIGHAN)TONGCHANGDOUSHISHOUGONGCAOZUO,QIHANJIERESHURULIANGJUXIANZAI9—15KJ/cmFANWEINEI。YINCI,SUIRANHANJIEJIETOUYOUWANQUANLINGRENMANYIDEXINGNENG,DANDANGGANGCAIHOUDUCHAOGUO12mmSHIJIUWANQUANBUSHIYONGLE。

  RONGHUAJIYAHUHAN(MIGHAN)SHIMUQIANDIWENGANGHANJIEZHONGYINGYONGZUIGUANGDEZIDONGHUOBANZIDONGHANJIEFANGFA。TADEHANJIERESHURULIANG23—40KJ/cm。GENJURONGDIGUODUFANGSHI,TAKEFENWEIDUANLUGUODUGONGYI(RESHURULIANGJIAODI)、SHELIUGUODUGONGYI(RESHURULIANGJIAOGAO)HEMAICHONGSHELIUGUODUGONGYI(RESHURULIANGZUIGAO)SANZHONG。DUANLUGUODUMIGHANCUNZAIZHERONGSHENBUGOUDEWENTI,KENENGCHUXIANRONGHEBULIANGDEQUEXIAN。QITAFANGSHIMIGHANYECUNZAILEISIWENTI,ZHISHICHENGDUYOUSUOBUTONG。WEILESHIDIANHUGENGWEIJIZHONGYIQUDEMANYIDERONGSHEN,KEYIZAICHONGDANGBAOHUQITIDECHUNYAZHONGSHENRUBAIFENZHIJIDAOBAIFENZHIJISHIDECO2 HUOO2。HESHIDEBAIFENSHUYINGZHENDUISUOHANDEJUTIGANGZHONGTONGGUOSHIYANLAIJIAYIQUEDING。

  3) HANJIECAILIAODEXUANZE

中华棋牌  HANJIECAILIAO(BAOKUODIANHANTIAO、HANSIHEHANJIDENG),TONGCHANGYINGDANGGENJUCAIYONGDEHANJIEFANGFA。JIETOUXINGSHIHEPOKOUXINGZHUANGYIJIQITABIXUDETEXINGLAIXUANZE。DUIDIWENGANGLAIJIANG,ZUIXUYAOZHONGSHIDESHIYINGSHIHANFENGJINSHUJUYOUZUYIGENMUCAIXIANGPIPEIDEDIWENRENXING,JINLIANGJIANSHAOQIZHONGKUOSANQINGDEHANLIANG。

  (1) LVTUOYANGGANG

  LVTUOYANGGANGSHIDUIHANHOULENGQUESUDUDEYINGXIANGSHIFENMINGANDEYIGEGANGZHONG。LVTUOYANGGANGSHOUGONGDIANHUHANSUOYONGDIANHANTIAODADUOCAIYONGSi—MnXIDIQINGXINGDIANHANTIAOHUOZHE1.5% NiXI、2.0% NiXIDIANHANTIAO。

  WEILEJIANDIHANJIERESHURULIANG,LVTUOYANGGANGYIBANZHICAIYONG≤?3~3.2mmDEXIHANTIAODUOCENGFUHAN,ZHEIYANGJIUKELIYONGSHANGCENGHANDAODEERCIREXUNHUANERSHIJINGLIXIHUA。

中华棋牌  YONGSi-MnXIDIANHANTIAOFUHANDEHANFENGJINSHUZAI50℃SHIDECHONGJIRENXINGHUISUIZHERESHURULIANGDEZENGDAERJIJUDEJIANGDI。LIRURESHURULIANGCONG18KJ/cmZENGJIADEDAO30KJ/cmSHI,RENXINGJIUHUISUNSHI60%YISHANG。1.5%NiXIYU2.5%NiXIDIANHANTIAOZEDUICIBINGBUTAIMINGAN,YINCIZUIHAOXUANYONGZHEIZHONGHANTIAOLAISHIHAN。

中华棋牌  MAIHUHANSHILVTUOYANGGANGCHANGYONGDEZIDONGHANJIEFA。MAIHUHANSUOYONGDEHANSIZUHAOSHIHANNIE1.5~3.5%YUHANMU0.5~1.0%DENEIZHONG。

  德州乐瀚焊材有限公司中华棋牌查阅相关文献了解到,用2.5%Ni—0.8%Cr—0.5%Mo或2%Ni焊丝,跟适当的焊剂相配合,焊缝金属在-55℃下的却贝韧性值平均可达56-70J(5.7~7.1Kgf.m)。甚至在采用0.5%Mo焊丝和锰合金碱性焊剂时,只要热输入量控制在26KJ/cm一下,仍可制出具有ν∑-55=55J(5.6Kgf.m)的焊缝金属。

  HANJIXUANZESHI,YAOZHUYIDAOHANFENGJINSHUZHONGSiYUMnDEPIPEI。SHIYANZHENGMING。HANFENGJINSHUZHONGBUTONGDESi、MnHANLIANGHUISHIQIQUEBEIRENXINGZHIYOUHENDADEBIANDONG,JUBEIZUIJIARENXINGZHIDESi、MnHANLIANGSHI0.1~0.2%SiYU0.7~1.1%Mn,ZAIXUANYONGHANSIHEHANJISHIYINGZHUYIZHEIDIAN。

  WUJIYAHUHANYURONGHUAJIYAHUHAN,ZAILVTUOYANGGANGZHONGYONGDEJIAOSHAO。SHANGSHUGONGMAIHUHANSHIYONGDEHANSIYEKEGONGYAHUHANSHIYONG。

  (2) 2.5NiGANGYU3.5Ni

  2.5NiGANGYU3.5NiDEMAIHUHANHUOMIGHAN,YIBANKEYIYONGGENMUCAICAIZHIXIANGTONGDEHANSILAISHIHAN。DANSHIZHENGXIANGwilkinsonGONGSHI(5)SUOSHI,MnSHIDINIEDIWENGANGDERELIEYIZHIYUANSU。SHIHANFENGJINSHUZHONGHANMENGLIANGBAOCHIZAI1.2%SHANGXIA,DUIFANGZHIHUKENGLIEWENZHILEIDERELIEWENSHISHIFENYOULIDE。ZAIXUANZEHANSIHEHANJIDEPEIHESHIYINGDANGZHONGSHIZHEIDIAN。

中华棋牌  3.5NiGANGHUIHUOCUIHUAQINGXIANGJIAODA,YINCIZAIWEILEXIAOCHUCANYUYINGLIERJINXINGHANHOURECHULI(LIRU620℃×1XIAOSHI,RANHOULULENG)ZHIHOU,ν∑-100JIUHUICONG3.8 Kgf.mJUJIANGDAO2.1Kgf.mCONGERBUNENGZAIMANZUGUIDING,YONG4.5%Ni—0.2%MoXIHANSIFUHANCHENGDEHANFENGJINSHU,HUIHUOCUIHUAQINGXIANGJIUYAOXIAODEDUO,CAIYONGZHEIZHONGHANSIJIUKEBIMIANSHANGSHUKUNNAN。

  (3) 9NiGANG

中华棋牌  9NiGANGTONGCHANGYAOTONGGUOCUIHUOYIHUIHUOHUOZHELIANGCIZHENGHUOYIHUIHUORECHULI,YIZUIGAOXIANDUDITIGAOTADEDIWENRENXING。DANSHIZHEIZHONGGANGCAIDEHANFENGJINSHUJIUMEIFAXIANGSHANGSHUNEIYANGJINXINGRECHULI。YINCITANGRUOYONGTIESUTIXIHANJIECAILIAOJIUHENNANHUODEJUYOUZUYIGENMUCAIXIANGPIDIDEDIWENRENXINGDEHANFENGJINSHU。MUQIANCAIYONGDEZHUYAOSHIGAONIEXIHANJIECAILIAO。ZHEIYANGDEHANJIECAILIAOFUHANDEHANFENGDOUSHIWANQUANAOSHITIZUZHIDE,SUIRANTACUNZAIQIANGDUBI9NiGANGMUCAIDIHEJIAGEFEICHANGANGGUIDEQUEDIAN,DANSHIDUITALAIJIANG,CUIXINGPODUANYIBUZAISHIYANZHONGDEWENTI。

  CONGYISHANGKEZHI:YOUYUHANFENGJINSHUWANQUANSHIAOSHITIZUZHI,SUOYONGHANTIAOHEHANSIFUHANDEHANFENGJINSHU,QIDIWENRENXINGWANQUANKEGENMUCAIXIANGPIMEI,ZHISHIKANGLAQIANGDUYUQUFUDIANBIMUCAIDI。HANNIEGANGJUYOUZIYINGXING,SUOYIJUEDADUOSHUHANTIAOHEHANSIDOUZHUYILEXIANZHIHANTANLIANG,YIMOUQIULIANGHAODEKEHANXING。

中华棋牌  l ZAIHANJIECAILIAOZHONGMoSHIZHONGYAODEQIANGHUAYUANSU,ERNb、Ta、TiHEWZESHIZHONGYAODERENHUAYUANSU,ZAIHANJIECAILIAO

中华棋牌  DEXUANPEISHANGDOUYIYUYICHONGFENZHONGSHI。

中华棋牌  l DANGCAIYONGTONGYIZHONGHANSISHIHANSHI,MAIHUHANHANFENGJINSHUDEQIANGDUHERENXINGDOUBIMIGHANDECHAYIXIE,ZHEIKENENGSHIYOU

  YUHANFENGLENGQUESUDUJIANMANHEKENENGYOUZAZHIHUOSiCONGHANJIZHONGSHENRUERZAOCHENGDE。

  3. A333-GR6DIWENGANGGUANDAOHANJIE

中华棋牌  1) A333-GR6 GANGDEKEHANXINGFENXI

中华棋牌  A333–GR6 GANGSHUYUDIWENGANG, ZUIDISHIYONGWENDUWEI-70 ℃, TONGCHANGYIZHENGHUOHUOZHENGHUOJIAHUIHUOZHUANGTAIGONGHUO。A333-GR6 GANGHANTANLIANGJIAODI,YINCICUIYINGQINGXIANGHELENGLIEQINGXIANGDOUBIJIAOXIAO, CAIZHIRENXINGHESUXINGJIAOHAO, YIBANBUYICHANSHENGYINGHUAHELIEWENQUEXIAN, KEHANXINGHAO,KEXUANYONGER80S-Ni1YAHUHANSIYUW707Ni HANTIAO,CAIYONGYADIANLIANHAN,HUOXUANYONGER80S-Ni1YAHUHANSI,CAIYONGQUANYAHUHANHANJIE,YIBAOZHENGHANJIEJIETOULIANGHAODERENXING。YAHUHANHANSIYUHANTIAODEPINPAIYEKEXUANYONGXINGNENGXIANGTONGDECHANPIN,DANXUDEDAOYEZHUDETONGYIFANGKESHIYONG。

  2) HANJIEGONGYI

  XIANGXIDEHANJIEGONGYIFANGFAXIANGJIANHANJIEGONGYIZHIDAOSHUJIWPS。HANJIEZHONG, DUIZHIJINGXIAOYU76.2 mm DEGUANDAOCAIYONGI XINGKOUDUIJIE, QUANYAHUHANJIE; DUIYUZHIJINGDAYU76.2 mm DEGUANDAOKAIV XINGPOKOU,CAIYONGYAHUDADIDUOCENGTIANCHONGDEYADIANLIANHANDEFANGFAHUOQUANYAHUHANDEFANGFA。JUTIZUOFAANZHAOYEZHUPIZHUNDEWPSZHONGGUANJINGHEGUANBIHOUDUDEBUTONGERXUANYONGXIANGYINGDEHANJIEFANGFA。

  3) RECHULIGONGYI

  (1) HANQIANYURE

中华棋牌  DANGHUANJINGWENDUDIYU5 ℃SHIXUDUIHANJIANJINXINGYURE, YUREWENDUWEI100 ~ 150 ℃; YUREFANWEISHIHANFENGLIANGCEGE100 mm; YONGYANGYIGUIYAN(ZHONGXINGYAN) JIARE, CEWENBIZAIJUHANFENGZHONGXIN50 ~ 100 mm CHUCELIANGWENDU, CEWENDIANJUNYUNFENBU, YIGENGHAODIKONGZHIWENDU。

  (2) HANHOURECHULI

中华棋牌  WEILEGAISHANDIWENGANGDEQUEKOURENXING,YIBANCAIYONGDECAILIAODOUYIJINGDIAOZHICHULI,HANHOURECHULIBUDANG,CHANGCHANGHUISHIQIDIWENXINGNENGBIANHUAI,YINGDANGYINQIZUGOUDEZHONGSHI。YINCICHULEHANJIANHOUDUJIAODAHUOJUSHUTIAOJIANHENYANKUDETIAOJIANWAI,DIWENGANGTONGCHANGDOUBUJINXINGHANHOURECHULI。RUCSPCXINZENGLPGGUANXIANDEHANJIEJIBUXUJINXINGHANHOURECHULI。RUZAIYIXIEXIANGMUZHONGQUEXUJINXINGHANHOURECHULI,HANHOURECHULIDEJIARESULV、HENGWENSHIJIANJILENGQUESULVBIXUYANGEANANYIXIAGUIDINGZHIXING:

  l DANGWENDUSHENGZHI400 ℃YISHANGSHI, JIARESULVBUYINGDAYU205 × 25/δ ℃/h, QIEBUDEDAYU330 ℃/h。 l HENGWENSHIJIANYINGWEIMEI25 mm BIHOUHENGWEN1 h, QIEBUDEXIAOYU15 min, ZAIHENGWENQIJIANZUIGAOYUZUIDIWENCHAYINGDIYU65 ℃。

  l HENGWENHOULENGQUESULVBUYINGDAYU65 × 25/δ ℃/h,QIEBUDEDAYU260 ℃/h, 400 ℃YIXIAKEZIRANLENGQUE。CAIYONGDIANNAOKONGZHIDETS-1 XINGRECHULISHEBEI。

  4) ZHUYISHIXIANG

  (1) ANGUIDINGYANGEYURE, KONGZHICENGJIANWENDU, CENGJIANWENDUKONGZHIZAI100 ~ 200 ℃。MEITIAOHANFENGYINGYICIHANWAN,RUOZHONGDUAN, YINGCAIQUHUANLENGCUOSHI。

中华棋牌  (2) HANJIANBIAOMIANYANJINDIANHUCASHANG, SHOUHUYINGJIANGHUKENGTIANMANBINGYONGSHALUNMOQUQUEXIAN。DUOCENGHANDEGECENGJIANJIETOUYAOCUOKAI。

  (3) YANGEKONGZHIXIANNENGLIANG, CAIYONGXIAODIANLIU、DIDIANYA、KUAISUHAN。ZHIJING3.2 mm DEW707Ni HANTIAOMEIGENHANJIEZHANGDUBIXUDAYU8cm。

  (4) BIXUCAIYONGDUANHU、BUBAIDONGDECAOZUOFANGSHI。

中华棋牌  (5) BIXUCAIYONGQUANHANTOUGONGYI, BINGYANGEANZHAOHANJIEGONGYISHUOMINGSHUHEHANJIEGONGYIKADEYAOQIUJINXING。

  (6) HANFENGYUGAO0 ~ 2mm, HANFENGMEICEZENGKUAN≤2mm。

  (7) HANFENGWAIGUANJIANCEHEGEHOU, ZHISHAO24 h HOUFANGKEJINXINGWUSUNJIANCE。GUANDAODUIJIEHANFENGZHIXINGJB 4730-94

  (8) 《YALIRONGQI: YALIRONGQIWUSUNJIANCE》BIAOZHUN, ⅡJIHEGE。

  (9) HANFENGFANXIUYINGZAIHANHOURECHULIQIANJINXING, RUORECHULIHOUXUFANXIU, ZEFANXIUHOU, HANFENGYAOZHONGXINJINXINGRECHULI。

  (10) RUOHANFENGBIAOMIANCHENGXINGJIHECHICUNCHAOBIAO, YUNXUXIUMO, QIEXIUMOHOUQIHOUDUBUDEXIAOYUSHEJIYAOQIU。

  (11) DUIYUYIBANDEHANJIEQUEXIANZUIDUOYUNXULIANGCIFANXIU,RUOLIANGCIFANXIURENGBUHEGE, ZEXUQIECHUZHEIDAOHANFENG, ANZHAOWANZHENGDEHANJIEGONGYIZHONGXINSHIHAN。


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